Literature
  • Baden 1983
  • Marine food-borne dinoflagellate toxins. Intern. Rev. Cytol. 82: 99-150.
  • Baden 1982
  • Bronchoconstriction caused by Florida red tide toxins. Toxicon 20: 929-932.
  • Baden 1981
  • Crystallization and toxicology of T34: A major toxin from Florida's red tide organism (Ptychodiscus brevis). Toxicon 19: 455-462.
  • Bagnis 1979
  • Some morphological and biological aspects of the dinoflagellate probably responsible for ciguatera. C.R. Acad. Sc. Paris 289 (ser. D): 639-642.
  • Balech 1985a
  • A revision of Pyrodinium bahamense, Dinoflagellata. Rev. Palaeobota. Paln. 45: 17-34.
  • Balech 1967
  • Dinoflagelados nuevos o interesantes del Golfo de Mexico y Caribe. Revista Mus. Argent. Cienc. Nat. Bernardino Rivadavia Inst. Nac. Invest. Cienc. Nat. Hidrobiologia 2: 75-126, 9 pls.
  • Balech 1956
  • Etudè des Dinoflagelles du sable de Roscoff. Rev. Algol. (N. Ser.) 2: 29-52.
  • Balech 1971a
  • Microplankton de la campana oceanografica Productividad III. Revista del Museo Argentino de ciencias naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia". Hidrobiologia 3: 1-202, pls. 1-39.
  • Balech 1971b
  • Microplancton del Atlantico Ecuatorial Oeste (Equalant I). Servicio de Hidrografia Nava, Buenos Aries H 654: 1-103.
  • Balech 1976
  • Some Norwegian Dinophysis species (Dinoflagellata). Sarsia 61: 75-94.
  • Balech 1989
  • Redescription of Alexandrium minutum Halim (Dinophyceae) type species of the genus Alexandrium. Phycologia 28: 206-211.
  • Balech 1994
  • Three new species of the genus Alexandrium (Dinoflagellata). Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 113: 216-220.
  • Balech 1995
  • The Genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata), Sherkin Island Marine Station, Ireland. 151 pp.
  • Balech 1985b
  • The genus Alexandrium or Gonyaulax of the tamarensis group. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 33-38.
  • Balech, Tangen 1985
  • Morphology and taxonomy of toxic species in the tamarensis group (Dinophyceae): Alexandrium excavatum (Braarud) comb. nov. and Alexandrium ostenfeldii comb. nov. Sarsia 70: 333-343.
  • Ballantine 1956
  • Two new marine species of Gymnodinium isolated from the Plymouth area. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 35: 467-474.
  • Ballantine 1985
  • Seasonal abundance of Gambierdiscus toxicus and Ostreopsis sp. in coastal waters of southwest Puerto Rico. Proc. 5th International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti 4: 417-422.
  • Ballantine 1988
  • Population dynamics and toxicity of natural populations of benthic dinoflagellates in southwestern Puerto Rico. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 119: 201-212.
  • Banaszak 1993
  • Scrippsiella velellae sp. nov. (Peridiniales) and Gloeodinium viscum sp. nov. (Phytodiniales), dinoflagellate symbionts of two hydrozoans (Cnidaria). J. Phycol. 29: 517-528.
  • , Kuvshinoff 1982
  • Evidence for a neuroactive component in the toxic extract from Gonyaulax monilata. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 75C: 131.
  • Beam, Himes 1980
  • Sexuality and meiosis in dinoflagellates. In: M. Levandowsky and S.H. Hutner (eds), Biochemistry and Physiology of Protozoa, Academic Press, London 3: 171-206.
  • , 1991
  • Ciguatera toxins. FJPH 3: 38-41.
  • , Hardeland 1995
  • Ultrastructural characterization of asexual cysts of Gonyaulax polyedra Stein (Dinoflagellata). Protoplasma 185: 22-27.
  • 1993
  • Distribution of Dinophysis spp. and Alexandrium minutum along French coasts since 1984 and their DSP and PSP toxicity levels. In: T.J. Smayda, and Y. Shimizu (eds), Toxic Phytoplankton Blooms in the Sea, Elsevier, Amsterdam: 469-474.
  • Bergmann, 1981
  • On the toxicity of the ciguatera producing dinoflagellate, Gambierdiscus toxicus, isolated from the Florida Keys, USA. J. Environ. Sci. Health, Part A: Environ. Sci. Eng. 16: 493-500.
  • Besada 1982
  • Study of the morphology, toxicity and sterol composition of marine tropical benthic dinoflagellates: family Ostreopsidiae. M.S. Thesis, University of Houston, Texas, 89 pp.
  • Besada 1982
  • Observations on tropical, benthic dinoflagellates from ciguatera-endemic areas: Coolia, Gambierdiscus, and Ostreopsis. Bull. Mar. Sci. 32: 723-735.
  • , 1950
  • Abrupt set-backs in the fisheries of the Malabar and Kanara coasts and 'red water' phenomenon as their probable cause. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (B) 31: 339-350.
  • Bicknell, 1975
  • The first 'red tide' in recorded Massachusetts history: managing an acute and unexpectd public health emergency. In: V.R. LoCicero (ed), Proc. First Int. Conf. Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms, Massachusetts Sci. Tech. Found., Wakefield: 447-458.
  • Biecheler 1952
  • Recherches sur les Peridiniens. Bulletin Biologie de France et Belgium (Supplement) 36: 1-149.
  • Biechler 1952
  • Recherches sur le peridiniens. Biol. Bull. 36 (Suppl.): 1-149.
  • Bjornland, Tangen 1979
  • Pigmentation and morphology of a marine Gyrodinium (Dinophyceae) with a major carotenoid different from peridinin and fucoxanthin. J. Phycol. 15: 457-463.
  • 1989
  • Vegetative reproduction and sexual life cycle of the toxic dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum from Tasmania, Australia. J. Phycol. 25: 577-590.
  • Bockstahler, Coats 1993
  • Spatial and temporal aspects of mixotrophy in Chesapeake Bay dinoflagellates. J. Euk. Microbiol. 40: 49-60.
  • Boesch 1997
  • Harmful Algal Blooms in Coastal Waters: Options for Prevention, Control and Mitigation. NOAA Coastal Ocean Program Decision Analysis Series No. 10. NOAA Coastal Ocean Office, Silver Spring, MD. 46 pp.
  • Böhm 1936
  • Dinoflagellates of coastal waters of the western Pacific. Bern. Bishop Mus. Bull. 137: 1-54.
  • Böhm 1931
  • Peridineen aus dem Persischen Golf und dem Golf von Oman. Arch. Protistenkd. 74: 188-197.
  • Böhm 1933
  • Neue peridineen aus der Adria. Arch. Protist. 80: 351-354.
  • Bolch, Hallegraeff 1990
  • Dinoflagellate cysts in Recent marine sediments from Tasmania, Australia. Bot. Mar. 33: 173-192.
  • Bolch 1991
  • The resting cyst of the red-tide dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae). Phycologia 30: 215-219.
  • Bomber 1985
  • Ecological studies of benthic dinoflagellates with ciguatera from the Florida Keys. M.S. Thesis, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, 104 pp.
  • Bomber 1985
  • Benthic dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera from the Florida Keys. II. Temporal, spatial and substrate heterogeneity of Protocentrum lima. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagelates, Elsevier, New York: 45-50.
  • Boni 1993
  • DSP cases along the coasts of Emilia-Romagna (Northwestern Adriatic Sea). In: T.J. Smayda and Y. Shimizu (eds), Toxic Phytoplankton Blooms in the Sea, Elsevier, Amsterdam: 475-481.
  • Braarud 1957
  • A red water organism from Walvis Bay. Galathea Rep. 1: 137-138.
  • Braarud 1945
  • Morphological observations on marine dinoflagellate cultures (Porella perforata, Goniaulax tamarensis, Protoceratium reticulatum). Avh. Utgitt. Nor. Vidensk. Akad. Oslo Mat.-Naturvidensk. Kl. 11: 1-18.
  • Braarud 1951
  • Salinity as an ecological factor in marine phytoplankton. Physiol. Plant. 4: 28-34.
  • Braarud, Heimdal 1970
  • Brown water of the Norwegian coast in autumn 1966. Nytt Mag. Bot. 17: 91-97.
  • Braarud, Rossavik 1951
  • Observations of the marine dinoflagellate Prorocentrum micans Ehrenb. in culture. Avhandl. Norske Videnskaps Acad. Oslo. I. Mat. Naturv. Kl. 1: 3-18.
  • Bruno 1990
  • Presence of saxitoxin in toxic extracts from Gonyaulax polyedra. Toxicon: 28: 1113-1116.
  • Buchanan 1968
  • Studies at Oyster Bay in Jamaica, West Indies. IV. Observations on the morphology and asexual cycle of Pyrodinium bahamense Plate. J. Phycol. 4: 272-277.
  • Bujak 1980
  • Taxonomy of some Eocene dinoflagellate cyst species from southern England. In: J.P.Bujak, C. Downie, G.L. Eaton and G.L. Williams (eds), Dinoflagellate Cysts and Acritarchs from the Eocene of Southern England, Special Papers in Palaeontology 24: 26-36, pl. 1-22.
  • Burkholder, Glasgow 1997
  • Pfiesteria piscicida and other Pfiesteria-like dinoflagellates: Behavior, impacts, and environmental controls. Limnol. Oceanogr. 45: 1052-1075.
  • Burkholder, Glasgow 1995
  • Interactions of a toxic estuarine dinoflaglellate with microbial predators and prey. Arch. Protistenk. 145: 177-188.
  • Burkholder 1992
  • New "phantom" dinoflagellate is the causative agent of major estuarine fish kills. Nature 358: 407-410; 360: 768.
  • Burkholder 1993
  • The role of a newly discovered toxic dinoflagellate in finfish and shellfish kills in the Neuse and Pamlico Estuaries. Albermarle-Pamlico Estuarine Study, Report 93-08, U.S. EPA National Estuary Program and UNC Water Resources Research Institute, Raleigh, NC, 58 pp.
  • Burkholder 1998
  • The physiological ecology of Pfiesteria piscicida, with general comments on ambush-predator dinoflagellates. In: D.M. Anderson, G.M. Hallegraeff and A.D. Cembella (eds), The Physiological Ecology of Harmful Microalgae, NATO, Paris: 175-191.
  • Burkholder 1995
  • Fish kills linked to a toxic ambush-predator dinoflagellate: distribution and environmental conditions. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 124: 43-61.
  • Burns, 1982
  • Dinoflagellates of the genus Dinophysis Ehrenberg from New Zealand coastal waters. N.Z. J. Mar. Fresh. Res. 16: 289-298.
  • Bursa 1959
  • The genus Prorocentrum Ehrenberg. Morphodynamics, protoplasmic structures and taxonomy. Can. J. Bot. 37: 1-31.
  • Butschli 1885
  • Erster Band. Protozoa. In: Dr. H.G. Bronn's Klassen und Ordinungen des Thier-Reichs, Wissenschaftlich Dargestellt in Wort und Bild, C.F. Winter'sche Verlagshandlung, Leipzig: 856-1088.